Weekly intravenous bortezomib is effective and well tolerated in relapsed/refractory myeloma

Sally Moore*, Sangeeta Atwal, Sajitha Sachchithanantham, Matthew Streetly, Iftekhar Khan, Laura Percy, Santosh Narat, Shirley D'Sa, Neil Rabin, Rosalynd Johnston, Steve Schey, Kwee Yong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives 
Bortezomib is an effective antimyeloma therapy, but clinical benefits can be limited by neurotoxicity. In newly diagnosed, older patients, modification of the biweekly dosing schedule to weekly regimens improves tolerability whilst maintaining efficacy. There is less information on the efficacy and tolerability of weekly bortezomib regimens in the relapsed/refractory setting. Here, we report our experience of weekly intravenous bortezomib in clinical practice in relapsed/refractory patients. 

Methods 
We analysed fifty-two patients who received weekly bortezomib for relapsed/refractory MM. 

Results 
Thirty-one per cent of patients received bortezomib beyond first relapse. Almost all (94%) also received steroids and 48% also received an alkylator. The median cumulative dose was 22.6mg/m2, and median length of treatment was 164d. Three patients reported grade 2 sensory neuropathy, and one reported grade 3 motor neuropathy. There were no grade 4 neurotoxicities. Eighty-three per cent achieved a PR or greater, and the median PFS for the whole group was 13months. One-year PFS and OS were 53% (95% CI 3966.6%) and 78% (95% CI 66.789.6%), respectively. 

Conclusions 
Weekly intravenous bortezomib when used in combination with steroids +/- alkylator is effective in relapsed/refractory MM, producing outcomes comparable with biweekly regimens and with lower rates of peripheral neuropathy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)420-425
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Haematology
Volume90
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • myeloma
  • bortezomib
  • chemotherapy
  • neuropathy
  • toxicity
  • RELAPSED MULTIPLE-MYELOMA
  • HIGH-DOSE DEXAMETHASONE
  • PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
  • ORAL CYCLOPHOSPHAMIDE
  • REFRACTORY MYELOMA
  • PLUS MELPHALAN
  • TRIAL
  • PREDNISONE
  • EFFICACY
  • PHASE-2

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