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What are effective approaches to increasing rates of organ donor registration among ethnic minority populations: a systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere003453
Number of pages13
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2013

King's Authors


Objectives: To identify effective interventions to increase organ donor registration and improve knowledge about organ donation among ethnic minorities in North America and the UK.

Design: Systematic review.

Data Sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Cochrane Central searched up to November 2012, together with four trials databases and the grey literature.

Review methods: A systematic search followed by assessment of eligibility and quality. An interpretive and thematic approach to synthesis was undertaken. This examined the nature and delivery of interventions in relation to a range of outcomes: verified registration, changing knowledge and a measured shift towards greater readiness.

Results: 18 studies were included in the review, comprising educational and mass media interventions. Mass media interventions alone reported no significant change in the intention or willingness to register. Educational interventions either alone or combined with mass media approaches were more effective in increasing registration rates, with a strong interpersonal component and an immediate opportunity to register identified as important characteristics in successful change.

Conclusions: Effective interventions need to be matched to the populations’ stage of readiness to register. Measured outcomes should include registration and shifts along the pathway towards this behavioural outcome.

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