Whole-heart coronary MR angiography with 2D self-navigated image reconstruction

Markus Henningsson, Peter Koken, Christian Stehning, Reza Razavi, Claudia Prieto, Rene M. Botnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Citations (Scopus)


Several self-navigation techniques have been proposed to improve respiratory motion compensation in coronary MR angiography. In this work, we implemented a 2D self-navigation method by using the startup profiles of a whole-heart balanced Steady-state free precession sequence, which are primarily used to catalyze the magnetization towards the steady-state. To create 2D self-navigation images (2DSN), we added phase encoding gradients to the startup profiles. With this approach we calculated foot-head and left-right motion and performed retrospective translational motion correction. The 2DSN images were reconstructed from 10 startup profiles acquired at the beginning of each shot. Nine healthy subjects were scanned, and the proposed method was compared to a 1D self-navigation (1DSN) method with foot-head correction only. Foot-head correction was also performed with the diaphragmatic 1D pencil beam navigator (1Dnav) using a tracking factor of 0.6. 2DSN shows improved motion correction compared to 1DSN and 1Dnav for all coronary arteries and all subjects for the investigated diaphragmatic gating window of 10 mm. The visualized vessel length of the right coronary artery could be significantly improved with a multiple targeted 2D self-navigation approach, compared to 2DSN method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)437 - 445
Number of pages9
JournalMagnetic Resonance in Medicine
Issue number2
Early online date7 Jun 2011
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2012


  • Imaging, Three-Dimensional
  • Reference Values
  • Artifacts
  • Myocardial Contraction
  • Respiration
  • Coronary Angiography
  • Algorithms
  • Magnetic Resonance Angiography
  • Image Enhancement
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Software Design


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