Why are fiscal multipliers asymmetric? The role of credit constraints

Richard McManus, Fatma Gulcin Ozkan, Dawid Trzeciakiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)
89 Downloads (Pure)


Recent empirical evidence strongly points to the state dependence of fiscal multipliers that are larger in recessions than in expansions. Yet standard business cycle models face great difficulty in producing such asymmetric fiscal policy effects. By incorporating endogenously binding collateral constraints into a medium scale dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model, we find that fiscal effectiveness can vary substantially across the business cycle. The key to our framework is the state-dependent nature of collateral constraints—binding in bad times while slack in good times, amplifying the effectiveness of fiscal policy and hence generating fiscal multipliers that are larger during recessions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-69
Number of pages38
Issue number349
Early online date1 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - 3 Dec 2020


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