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Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Why children differ in motivation to learn : Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries. / Kovas, Yulia; Garon-carrier, Gabrielle; Boivin, Michel; Petrill, Stephen A.; Plomin, Robert; Malykh, Sergey B.; Spinath, Frank; Murayama, Kou; Ando, Juko; Bogdanova, Olga Y.; Brendgen, Mara; Dionne, Ginette; Forget-dubois, Nadine; Galajinsky, Eduard V.; Gottschling, Juliana; Guay, Frédéric; Lemelin, Jean-pascal; Logan, Jessica A.r.; Yamagata, Shinji; Shikishima, Chizuru; Spinath, Birgit; Thompson, Lee A.; Tikhomirova, Tatiana N.; Tosto, Maria; Tremblay, Richard; Vitaro, Frank.

In: Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 80, 01.07.2015, p. 51-63.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Kovas, Y, Garon-carrier, G, Boivin, M, Petrill, SA, Plomin, R, Malykh, SB, Spinath, F, Murayama, K, Ando, J, Bogdanova, OY, Brendgen, M, Dionne, G, Forget-dubois, N, Galajinsky, EV, Gottschling, J, Guay, F, Lemelin, J, Logan, JAR, Yamagata, S, Shikishima, C, Spinath, B, Thompson, LA, Tikhomirova, TN, Tosto, M, Tremblay, R & Vitaro, F 2015, 'Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries', Personality and Individual Differences, vol. 80, pp. 51-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006

APA

Kovas, Y., Garon-carrier, G., Boivin, M., Petrill, S. A., Plomin, R., Malykh, S. B., ... Vitaro, F. (2015). Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries. Personality and Individual Differences, 80, 51-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006

Vancouver

Kovas Y, Garon-carrier G, Boivin M, Petrill SA, Plomin R, Malykh SB et al. Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries. Personality and Individual Differences. 2015 Jul 1;80:51-63. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006

Author

Kovas, Yulia ; Garon-carrier, Gabrielle ; Boivin, Michel ; Petrill, Stephen A. ; Plomin, Robert ; Malykh, Sergey B. ; Spinath, Frank ; Murayama, Kou ; Ando, Juko ; Bogdanova, Olga Y. ; Brendgen, Mara ; Dionne, Ginette ; Forget-dubois, Nadine ; Galajinsky, Eduard V. ; Gottschling, Juliana ; Guay, Frédéric ; Lemelin, Jean-pascal ; Logan, Jessica A.r. ; Yamagata, Shinji ; Shikishima, Chizuru ; Spinath, Birgit ; Thompson, Lee A. ; Tikhomirova, Tatiana N. ; Tosto, Maria ; Tremblay, Richard ; Vitaro, Frank. / Why children differ in motivation to learn : Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries. In: Personality and Individual Differences. 2015 ; Vol. 80. pp. 51-63.

Bibtex Download

@article{920558e6c72a41d6939d6fd932062695,
title = "Why children differ in motivation to learn: Insights from over 13,000 twins from 6 countries",
abstract = "Little is known about why people differ in their levels of academic motivation. This study explored the etiology of individual differences in enjoyment and self-perceived ability for several school subjects in nearly 13,000 twins aged 9–16 from 6 countries. The results showed a striking consistency across ages, school subjects, and cultures. Contrary to common belief, enjoyment of learning and children’s perceptions of their competence were no less heritable than cognitive ability. Genetic factors explained approximately 40{\%} of the variance and all of the observed twins’ similarity in academic motivation. Shared environmental factors, such as home or classroom, did not contribute to the twin’s similarity in academic motivation. Environmental influences stemmed entirely from individual specific experiences.",
keywords = "Enjoyment, Self-perceived ability, Twin studies, Cross-cultural study, Teacher/classroom effect , Individual differences",
author = "Yulia Kovas and Gabrielle Garon-carrier and Michel Boivin and Petrill, {Stephen A.} and Robert Plomin and Malykh, {Sergey B.} and Frank Spinath and Kou Murayama and Juko Ando and Bogdanova, {Olga Y.} and Mara Brendgen and Ginette Dionne and Nadine Forget-dubois and Galajinsky, {Eduard V.} and Juliana Gottschling and Fr{\'e}d{\'e}ric Guay and Jean-pascal Lemelin and Logan, {Jessica A.r.} and Shinji Yamagata and Chizuru Shikishima and Birgit Spinath and Thompson, {Lee A.} and Tikhomirova, {Tatiana N.} and Maria Tosto and Richard Tremblay and Frank Vitaro",
year = "2015",
month = "7",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006",
language = "English",
volume = "80",
pages = "51--63",
journal = "Personality and Individual Differences",
issn = "0191-8869",
publisher = "Elsevier BV",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Why children differ in motivation to learn

T2 - Personality and Individual Differences

AU - Kovas, Yulia

AU - Garon-carrier, Gabrielle

AU - Boivin, Michel

AU - Petrill, Stephen A.

AU - Plomin, Robert

AU - Malykh, Sergey B.

AU - Spinath, Frank

AU - Murayama, Kou

AU - Ando, Juko

AU - Bogdanova, Olga Y.

AU - Brendgen, Mara

AU - Dionne, Ginette

AU - Forget-dubois, Nadine

AU - Galajinsky, Eduard V.

AU - Gottschling, Juliana

AU - Guay, Frédéric

AU - Lemelin, Jean-pascal

AU - Logan, Jessica A.r.

AU - Yamagata, Shinji

AU - Shikishima, Chizuru

AU - Spinath, Birgit

AU - Thompson, Lee A.

AU - Tikhomirova, Tatiana N.

AU - Tosto, Maria

AU - Tremblay, Richard

AU - Vitaro, Frank

PY - 2015/7/1

Y1 - 2015/7/1

N2 - Little is known about why people differ in their levels of academic motivation. This study explored the etiology of individual differences in enjoyment and self-perceived ability for several school subjects in nearly 13,000 twins aged 9–16 from 6 countries. The results showed a striking consistency across ages, school subjects, and cultures. Contrary to common belief, enjoyment of learning and children’s perceptions of their competence were no less heritable than cognitive ability. Genetic factors explained approximately 40% of the variance and all of the observed twins’ similarity in academic motivation. Shared environmental factors, such as home or classroom, did not contribute to the twin’s similarity in academic motivation. Environmental influences stemmed entirely from individual specific experiences.

AB - Little is known about why people differ in their levels of academic motivation. This study explored the etiology of individual differences in enjoyment and self-perceived ability for several school subjects in nearly 13,000 twins aged 9–16 from 6 countries. The results showed a striking consistency across ages, school subjects, and cultures. Contrary to common belief, enjoyment of learning and children’s perceptions of their competence were no less heritable than cognitive ability. Genetic factors explained approximately 40% of the variance and all of the observed twins’ similarity in academic motivation. Shared environmental factors, such as home or classroom, did not contribute to the twin’s similarity in academic motivation. Environmental influences stemmed entirely from individual specific experiences.

KW - Enjoyment

KW - Self-perceived ability

KW - Twin studies

KW - Cross-cultural study

KW - Teacher/classroom effect

KW - Individual differences

UR - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4406290/

U2 - 10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006

DO - 10.1016/j.paid.2015.02.006

M3 - Article

VL - 80

SP - 51

EP - 63

JO - Personality and Individual Differences

JF - Personality and Individual Differences

SN - 0191-8869

ER -

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