Wild type human TDP-43 potentiates ALS-linked mutant TDP-43 driven progressive motor and cortical neuron degeneration with pathological features of ALS

Jacqueline C. Mitchell, Remy Constable, Eva So, Caroline Vance, Emma Scotter, Leanne Glover, Tibor Hortobagyi, Eveline S. Arnold, Shuo Chien Ling, Melissa McAlonis, Sandrine Da Cruz, Magda Polymenidou, Lino Tessarolo, Don W. Cleveland, Christopher E. Shaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

RESULTS: Expression of human wild-type TDP-43 (TDP-43(WT)) caused no clinical or pathological phenotype, while expression of Q331K mutant (TDP-43(Q331K)) resulted in a non-lethal age-dependent motor phenotype, accompanied by cytoplasmic TDP-43 aggregation, mild neuronal loss, with astroglial and microglial activation in the motor cortex and spinal cord at 24 months. However, co-expression of WT and Q331K mutant (TDP-43(WTxQ331K)) resulted in an extremely aggressive motor phenotype with tremor from 3 weeks and progressive hind-limb paralysis necessitating euthanasia by 8-10 weeks of age. Neuronal loss and reactive gliosis was observed in the spinal cord and layer V region of the cortex, with TDP-43, ubiquitin and p62 cytoplasmic inclusions and an increase in insoluble TDP-43. Nuclear clearance of TDP-43 was not observed in TDP-43(Q331K) mice but was seen in 65 % of aggregate containing spinal cord motor neurons in TDP-43(WTxQ331K) mice.

CONCLUSIONS: We hypothesise that cytoplasmic TDP-43(Q331K) aggregates facilitate the recruitment of WT protein in compound animals, which dramatically accelerates neurodegeneration and disease progression. The exploration of disease mechanisms in slow and rapid disease models of TDP-43 proteinopathy will help elucidate novel drug targets and provide a more informative platform for preclinical trials.

INTRODUCTION: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a relentlessly progressive neurodegenerative disorder, and cytoplasmic inclusions containing transactive response (TAR) DNA binding protein (TDP-43) are present in ~90 % of cases. Here we report detailed pathology in human TDP-43 transgenic mice that recapitulate key features of TDP-43-linked ALS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)36
Number of pages1
JournalActa Neuropathologica Communications
Volume3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2015

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