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World Workshop of Oral Medicine VII: A systematic review of immunobiologic therapy for oral manifestations of pemphigoid and pemphigus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jacqueline W. Mays , Barbara P. Carey, Rachael Posey, Luiz Alcino Gueiros, Katherine France, Jane Setterfield, Sook Bin Woo, Thomas P. Sollecito, Donna Culton, Aimee S. Payne, Martin S. Greenberg, Scott De Rossi

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-121
JournalOral Diseases
Issue numberS1
Early online date29 May 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019


King's Authors


Objective. To assess the evidence for treatment of oral involvement of pemphigus and pemphigoid with biologics.
Study Design. This systematic review used a comprehensive search strategy to identify literature describing oral involvement of pemphigus or pemphigoid treated with a biologic agent. The primary outcome measures were efficacy and safety of biologic therapy.
Results. Inclusion criteria was met by 154 studies including over 1200 patients. Treatment of pemphigus with a total of 11 unique biologic agents and 3 unique combinations of agents is reported. Five randomized controlled trials (RCT) were included in the final analysis that investigated infliximab, IVIg, rituximab and autologous platelet-rich plasma therapy for pemphigus vulgaris. Three non-RCT studies reported on successful rituximab or IVIg therapy for mucous membrane pemphigoid. Studies demonstrated considerable heterogeneity in agent, methods, and quality.
Conclusions. Evidence clearly describing oral tissue response to biologic therapy is sparse. Two RCTs support use of rituximab, one supports use of IVIg, and one pilot study suggests intralesional injection of autologous platelet-rich plasma aids healing of oral PV lesions. As oral lesions of pemphigus and pemphigoid can be refractory to systemic therapy, drug trials including biologic therapies should document details regarding response of the oral lesions to therapy.

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