A Brazilian health foreign policy?
: the role of health in Brazilian foreign affairs

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


Recently, health has become a point of interest for International Relations analysts. In terms of economics, security and social justice issues, health is being debated as part of countries' foreign policy formulation. Brazil, for example,recognizes the importance of health as part of its foreign policy, being a signatory of the Oslo Ministerial Declaration (2007) on Foreign Policy and Global Health, and having included the theme across various international negotiation contexts, both bilateral - for instance, in South-South Cooperation with African States - and multilateral - with the Union of South-American Nations or with the India, Brazil and South Africa Dialogue Forum. Moreover, since health is a constitutional right in Brazil, the country already possesses a legal framework which encompasses the development of international health cooperation. By establishing the concept of structured cooperation for health, Brazil emphasizes cooperation that strengthens the sanitary institutions of different countries. The main objective of this study is to analyze whether there is a specific foreign policy on health in Brazil, exploring the components, actors and principles of which it is made. Additionally, there will be an attempt to understand if Brazil’s international action in the field of health converges with the principles of the country's own Unified Health System. Actors are mainly institutions part of either the MoH or MoFA. Regarding constituent elements and principles, certainly solidarity, universal health care, knowledge sharing and cooperation with global South countries were the bricks of all Brazilian actions in this Health Foreign Policy. There is also a deep commitment to the idea of structuring cooperation for health.

Keywords: Foreign policy, International relations, International cooperation, Global health, Public health.
Date of Award1 Apr 2019
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • King's College London
SupervisorEduardo Gomez (Supervisor)

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