AbstractBackground: Obesity, smoking and sedentary lifestyles have led to a high prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in Jordan. This study aimed to examine the views of Registered Nurses (RNs), doctors and patients regarding the RNs’ role legitimacy in health promotion relating to CVD and develop an explanatory model relating to the RNs’ role legitimacy in Jordan.
Methods: A correlational cross-sectional survey was conducted using cluster random sampling at the sector level with proportional quota sampling within individual study sites. A sample (n=1726) of RNs (n=676), doctors (n=458) and patients (n=592) were recruited from community and hospital settings in Amman. Data were collected using structured self-administered questionnaires.
Findings: The RNs reported positive views regarding their role in health promotion relating to CVD and achieved high knowledge scores related to CVD. The doctors and patients, however, reported negative views regarding the RNs’ role. The RNs’ perceptions of general health promotion and their role in general health promotion together with personal health behaviours, were associated with their perceived role legitimacy in health promotion relating to CVD. Lack of time and perceived role together with limited health promotion training and communication problems with patients were constraints to the RNs’ role.
Conclusion: The role legitimacy of the RNs in health promotion relating to CVD is limited in Jordan. It is important for professional bodies and healthcare employers to agree the RNs role in health promotion relating to CVD. Further examination of the barriers inhibiting the RNs role legitimacy in health promotion relating to CVD is crucial.
|Date of Award
|Alison While (Supervisor) & Julia Roberts (Supervisor)