Diplomatic and political entrepreneurs and brokers designing and managing euro-Mediterranean politics
: The Franco-Spanish paradigm

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


This thesis analyses how Spain as a raising power in the Mediterranean, has developed its
diplomatic strategies and mechanisms to gain diplomatic influence, international recognition
and power. On the other side, it also analyses how France as a competing and rival power
reacted to those diplomatic offenses and to what extent they became collaborators or
Geopolitical interests, domestic politics, historical and contextual pre-conditions
architected their diplomatic strategy. Political communication and lobbying strategies
deployed by them as political entrepreneurs and brokers, were defined to construct a new
socio-political imaginary and to gather political and public opinion’ consensus in order to
achieve planned aims and objectives.
This thesis focuses on the evaluation of the policies propelled by these political
brokers and entrepreneurs. In order to propose a valid evaluation system the thesis has
implemented a wide number of methodological tools that will allow the researcher to
understand –and explain and demonstrate – complex scenarios and dynamics, avoiding
generalizations and speculation in the process. In order to do so the researcher has adopted a
long-term, multivariable –quantitative and qualitative analysis- that allows a better
understanding of political, diplomatic and socio-economic trends, mechanisms and processes.
The thesis avoids also a Eurocentric approach and has developed a symmetric discourse
aiming at placing European and southern Mediterranean interests at the same level.
This thesis concludes demonstrating that Western leaders, political entrepreneurs and
brokers, have been trying to find and support cooperative and collaborative regimes. In
parallel, leaders from Southern Mediterranean countries have been playing that game in order
to consolidate their leadership. Despite the number of Euro-Mediterranean initiatives,
projects and mechanisms European partners did not show a commitment to choosing the right
objectives and expectations for the challenges they faced. Therefore, at a managerial level,
these policies have been ambiguous and scarcely productive.
Date of Award2014
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • King's College London
SupervisorRory Miller (Supervisor)

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