AbstractThe liberalisation of the global textiles trade with the end of the Multi-fibre Agreement in January 2005 led to the rise of China as the leading textiles producing country. China’s dominance as a result of lower wages and economies of scale in production meant that not many countries could compete with it. The question which arises is whether there are other forms of competition other than price which is applicable to the global textiles trade and can be used as a tool to develop it. Can the industry survive and grow when intellectual property is captured and protected effectively? The study will focus on the intellectual property system and textiles industry in Thailand and examine how effective intellectual property protection and enforcement might help the Thai industry to survive and grow. The Thai system and experience will be compared to the UK as a model developed country and China as the model developing country. An assessment of the global textiles industry will be followed by a review of the IP legislation of the model countries and Thailand. This is to ascertain what international intellectual property protection is available for textiles and fashion designers and manufacturers. It will be followed by an analysis of the enforcement of IPRs in these countries. The way in which IPRs are enforced and how this enforcement affects its textiles and fashion industry will be significant in determining what could work best for a developing country such as Thailand. Thirdly, empirical research was conducted to determine the attitude of fashion and textiles designers in all three countries as to whether IP plays a role for them. Lastly, recent developments in the UK, China and Thailand in regard to IP policy and the textiles and fashion industries will be examined.
The recommendations that will be made to Thailand and the consideration of whether IP can be used as a tool in the textiles and fashion industry in developing countries is part of the larger debate of whether the TRIPS and IPRs can be beneficial to developing countries which forms the context to this thesis.
|Date of Award||2013|
|Supervisor||Piet Eeckhout (Supervisor) & Tanya Aplin (Supervisor)|