Normative power Europe or normal power Europe?
: an analysis of the EU's norm diffusion in relation to ASEAN (2007-2018)

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy


This thesis offers an in-depth, detailed analysis of the European Union (EU)’s normative power and the effectiveness of its norm diffusion in relation to the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) between 2007 and 2018. Specifically, this thesis will explore dialogues and collaborations on trade and security between the EU and ASEAN to answer the main research question: “is the EU an effective normative power in relation to ASEAN, and why?”

In doing so, the thesis aims to address the shortcomings of existing research, which primarily adopts an EU-exceptionalist view of normative power or has predominantly focused on regions in the EU’s immediate neighbourhood. Drawing on concepts and analytical tools from Normative Power Europe (NPE) literature and diffusion theory, this thesis seeks to transcend the conventional division between the disciplines of EU studies and international relations. To this end, the study will contribute to the current debate on the nature of the EU’s power in global politics. Meanwhile, it aims to make a contribution to the discussion on norm and policy diffusion in international relations, a subject which has not been fully investigated in the context of interregional relationships. The study will investigate the interregional relations and cooperation instruments between the EU and ASEAN. It draws on case studies from the EU–ASEAN cooperation in two specific policy fields—trade and security— in order to observe and analyze the EU’s projection of normative power and the process of norm diffusion.
Date of Award1 Jan 2021
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • King's College London
SupervisorRamon Pacheco Pardo (Supervisor)

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