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A qualitative multi-level examination of the factors influencing the career advancement of female managers in the Turkish banking sector : insights from three organisations

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

Despite the expansion of female employment in the Turkish banking sector, women still remain underrepresented in managerial roles, typically at senior levels. The main aim of this study is to investigate the multilevel interconnected barriers and facilitators that influence female managers’ career advancement in the Turkish banking sector and to examine how these factors vary with organisational context. By using an integrative framework that brings together the relational and institutional perspectives, the study seeks to understand how macro-level contextual influences shape organisational processes and practices, which in turn influence women’s individual career trajectories. 
The research adopts a qualitative comparative case design, which allows for an in-depth exploration of female managers’ perceptions of their career advancement. The research involves a collection of documentary data as well as 50 interviews with female banking professionals and HR managers across three different types of banks to provide an assessment of the barriers to and facilitators of women’s managerial careers in the Turkish banking sector. 
The findings of the study confirm that women’s limited representation at senior management is an outcome of the interplay between macro, meso and micro level issues which in turn impacts women’s career aspirations. At the macro level this study is the first to identify religion-based fragmented social structure as a factor influencing women’s career advancement in the socio-cultural context of Turkey. At the meso level, the analysis of the three different cases identifies factors relevant to both Western and Middle Eastern societal contexts. At the micro level the analysis demonstrates how women’s perceptions of macro-level barriers and facilitators changes depending on their organisational context, emphasising the interrelatedness between these three levels.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Award date1 Nov 2019


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