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Highly Accelerated Myocardial Perfusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Student thesis: Doctoral ThesisDoctor of Philosophy

First-pass myocardial perfusion cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) has
become an established method for the non-invasive diagnosis of ischaemic heart disease
(IHD). As complete datasets are acquired every heart beat, first-pass perfusion CMR is
challenging, and compromises have to be made between competing demands for spatial
resolution, cardiac coverage, and temporal resolution. Accelerating data acquisition with
k-t undersampling techniques is a strategy that could overcome some of the remaining
limitations of first-pass perfusion CMR, and influence the management of patients with
The use of a k-t Principle Component Analysis (PCA) acceleration method will be
investigated for its technical feasibility and clinical merit for acquisition with improved
spatial resolution, greater myocardial coverage, and higher heart rates. Supplemented
by three additional chapters as appendices, this thesis presents the use of spatiotemporal
undersampling for advanced perfusion CMR. The research has the following
Aims and Methods
1. To establish the clinical feasibility of 3D perfusion CMR technique in relation to
fractional flow reserve (FFR) and the Duke Jeopardy Score. Accuracy in diagnosis and
comparison of ischaemic burden with invasive indices of myocardial ischaemia, will be
2. To compare the estimation of ischaemic burden using 3D perfusion CMR against the
estimation using the clinical standard single-photon emission computed tomography
3. Optimization and design of a 3D perfusion CMR sequence based on k-t acceleration
and PCA reconstruction using a turbo field-echo (TFE) pulse sequence, and development
of balanced steady-state free precession (bSSFP) perfusion imaging at 3 Tesla (3T).
4. To use k-t acceleration schemes to establish the feasibility of first-pass stress
perfusion CMR in a rodent model, and to validate this against the microspheres method.
5. Multicentre evaluation of 3D perfusion CMR imaging for the detection of IHD defined
by fractional flow reserve (FFR)(appendix).
6. To use k-t acceleration schemes for high-resolution quantitative first-pass perfusion
imaging, and to determine reproducibility (appendix).
7. To compare advanced perfusion CMR imaging techniques: high-spatial resolution
versus 3D whole-heart coverage (appendix).
This research provides novel experimental evidence and technical advancements on the
clinical utility of k-t PCA acceleration methods, and demonstrates the following:
1. That 3D whole-heart myocardial perfusion CMR imaging at 3T accurately detects
functionally significant CAD;
2. That 3D whole-heart myocardial perfusion CMR imaging can determine ischaemic
burden with accuracy comparable to current imaging techniques that rely on ionising
3. That the development of a 3D bSSFP myocardial perfusion CMR sequence is feasible
using radio frequency (RF) shimming with dual-source parallel RF transmission at 3T.
4. That first-pass myocardial stress perfusion CMR imaging is feasible in a murine model
using a 3T clinical scanner.
The use of k-t spatio-temporal undersampling also yielded the following findings:
5. 3D whole-heart myocardial perfusion CMR imaging was highly efficient in the
detection of functionally significant CAD in a multicentre study (appendix).
6. Quantitative high-resolution myocardial perfusion CMR showed inter-study
reproducibility with no significant diurnal variation (appendix).
These findings have important implications, lending support to the clinical use of 3D
whole-heart perfusion imaging for the detection of coronary disease. The use of k-t
acceleration schemes is feasible for both clinical and pre-clinical models. When
combined with CMR assessment of function and viability, the technique holds promise
as a completely non-invasive and radiation-free diagnostic and risk-stratification tool for
patients with known or suspected CAD.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
Award date2016


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